Tags: amiri baraka, balck history, black power, malcolm x, stokely carmichael, tupac shakur
The New Yorker gave a great review of the new book by author, historian and Basic Black panelist Peniel Joseph. Dark Days, Bright Nights is a chronicle of the Black Power Movement up through the election of Barack Obama.
Tags: black history month, civil rights, post-racial, sit-ins
Do We Still Need to Celebrate Black History Month?
By Rev. Irene Monroe
February 1 began Black History Month, a national annual observance since 1926, honoring and celebrating the achievements of African-Americans.
This February 1, the International Civil Rights Center and Museum (ICRCM) opened in Greensboro, North Carolina, honoring the courageous action of four African- American students. Their actions led to the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which mandated desegregation of all public accommodations.
Fifty years ago on February 1, 1960, the now ICRCM was a Woolworth’s store and the site of the original sit-in where Ezell A. Blair Jr. (also known as Jibreel Khazan), David Leinhail Richmond , Joseph Alfred McNeil, and Franklin Eugene McCain from North Carolina Agricultural and Technical College (NC A&T), a historically black college, sat at its lunch counter as a form of non-violent direct action protesting the store’s segregated seating policy. And as a result of their civil disobedience, sit-ins sprung up not only in Greensboro but throughout the South, challenging other forms of this nation’s segregated public accommodations, including bathrooms, water fountains, parks, theaters, and swimming pools, to name a few.
If Dr. Carter Woodson , the Father of Black History, were alive today, he would be proud that the ICRCM opened this month.
However, for a younger generation of African- Americans as well as whites, whose ballots helped elect this country’s first African-American president, celebrating Black History Month seems outdated.
“Obama is post-racial. And Black History Month is old school,” Josh Dawson (26) of New Hampshire tells me.
For many whites as well as people of color of Dawson’s generation, Obama’s race was a “non-issue.” And Obama’s election encapsulated for them both the physical and symbolic representation of Martin Luther King’s vision uttered in his historic ” I Have a Dream ” during the 1963 March on Washington.
“King said don’t judge by the color of our skin, but instead the content of our character,” Dawson continues.
In proving how “post-racial” Obama was as a presidential candidate, Michael Crowley of “The New Republic” wrote in his article “Post-racial” that it wasn’t only liberals who had no problem with Obama’s race but conservatives had no problem too, even the infamous ex-Klansman David Duke.
“Even white Supremacists don’t hate Obama,” Crowley writes about Duke. “[Duke] seems almost nonchalant about Obama, don’t see much difference in Barack Obama than Hillary Clinton-or, for that matter, John McCain.”
For years, the celebration of Black History Month has always brought up the ire around “identity politics” and “special rights.”
‘If we’re gonna’ have Black History Month, why not White History Month? Italian History Month? Chinese History Month?,” Dawson questions.
During the George W. Bush years we saw the waning interest in “identity politics,” creating both political and systematic disempowerment of marginalized groups, like people of color, women, lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) people. We also saw the gradual dismantling of affirmative action policies, like in 2003 when the Supreme Court split the difference on affirmative action, allowing the Bakke case on reverse discrimination to stand.
In celebrating Black History Month this year in what is now perceived by some to be one year in the “post-racial” era since Obama took office, I worry how we as a nation will honestly talk about race.
For example, during Black History Month in 2009, Eric Holder received scathing criticism for his speech on race. His critics said the tone and tenor of the speech was confrontational and accusatory.
“Though this nation has proudly thought of itself as an ethnic melting pot,” Holder said, “in things racial we have always been and continue to be, in too many ways, essentially a nation of cowards.”
Within the African- American LGBTQ community, Black History Month has always come under criticism. And rightly so! The absence of LGBTQ people of African descent in the month-long celebration is evidence of how race, gender and sexual politics of the dominant culture are reinscribed in black culture as well.
It leads you to believe that the only shakers and movers in the history of people of African descent in the U.S. were and still are heterosexuals. And because of this heterosexist bias, the sheroes and heroes of LGBTQ people of African decent – like Pat Parker, Audre Lorde, Essex Hemphill, Joseph Beam, and Bayard Rustin – are mostly known and lauded within a subculture of black life.
However, the argument that celebrating Black History Month in 2010 is no more than a celebration of a relic tethered to an old defunct paradigm of the civil rights era and is a hindrance to black people moving forward is bogus.
To move forward you must look back.
And in so doing ask ourselves, were it not for the successful sit-ins, marches, and boycotts of the 1960’s, could we have this conversation in 2010?
Reverend Irene Monroe is a nationally-known writer, speaker and theologian. She has been profiled in O, Oprah Magazine and is a regular contributor to the Huffington Post. (The views expressed in this essay are solely those of the author.)
Tags: community, crime, gangs, street workers, youth violence
Boston Street Workers Threatened
By Talia Rivera
Villages Without Walls
The last six months were difficult for those who work the dangerous streets of Boston.
In August, a street worker was shot in the head while talking to a teenager with whom he worked. And over the last few months, three street workers were arrested on drug and assault charges.
These incidents began a long overdue dialogue regarding policy around street workers, including their qualifications, supervision, support, and pay.
Street workers are hired to engage gang-involved youth and mediate gang conflicts. From 2000 to 2001 homicides in Boston rose from 38 to 68, an increase of over 100% since 1999. The resurgence of youth violence brought together the work of clergy, police, probation officers, and street workers to implement The Truce Initiative in 2006. The street workers reached out to gang members and visited juvenile detention centers and county jails to solicit support from gang leaders so that truces could be brokered between gangs. The success of the initiative’s outreach was deeply dependent on the relationships street workers had with gang-involved youth. The street workers delivered, and success arrived.
But the work doesn’t end with bringing gang-involved youth to the table. The needs of these youth are so great that street workers are forced to become more than gang mediators. They serve as advocates for gang-involved youth around employment, housing, school, and the courts. Street workers are on-call therapists without training, responding to crime scenes, and staying to counsel grieving youth long after clergy, police officers, ambulances, and the media cameras are gone.
Sadly, the work of street workers goes unseen, unnoticed, and unappreciated. I know – I’ve been a street worker for the City of Boston.
I won’t deny there are problems with a few street workers. Some are called thugs, lazy, and incompetent but these few do not undo the good work that the majority have done.
Street workers risk their lives each day. Street workers literally and figuratively stand in the precarious middle of the city’s explosive gang violence. Imagine walking in their shoes . . . up Blue Hill Avenue in the lonely dark, pushing against Boston’s wind without a blue and white cruiser, without a bulletproof vest, without a Glock glued to the hip. All that a street worker has is his or her word; and a laughable salary.
Street workers are an integral part of peace and safety in the city.
I must ask, when will street workers become respected colleagues, compensated for their endless and exhausting commitment to you, your neighbors, and your family?
Talia Rivera is the Executive Director of Villages Without Walls. The views expressed in this essay are solely those of the author.